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Learning Outcomes Assessment Resource Room

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Language matters! These guides introduce some of the most common learning outcomes frameworks, including Bloom's revised taxonomy, Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome (SOLO) and the Ideas, Connections & Extensions (ICE) approach. If you ar​​​e new to writing learning outcomes or are interested in refining and aligning existing ones, these resources offer insight into widely used models.​

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A Primer on Learning Outcomes and the SOLO Taxonomy A Primer on Learning Outcomes and the SOLO Taxonomy
Michael K. Potter and Erika Kustra
Classifying learning outcomes at different levels of complexity. 
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Biggs’ structure of the observed learning outcome (SOLO) taxonomy ​Biggs’ structure of the observed learning outcome (SOLO) taxonomy
Teaching and Educational Development Institute
A structure for describing how a student’s learning grows when mastering new tasks and activities. ​
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Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives and Writing Intended Learning Outcomes Statements Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives and Writing Intended Learning Outcomes Statements
International Assembly for Collegiate Business Education
Guidelines for writing learning outcomes for business programs. 
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Guide to Taxonomies of Learning Guide to Taxonomies of Learning
Geraldine O'Neill and Feargal Murphy
University College Dublin's approach to learning outcomes frameworks. ​
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Ideas, Connections, Extensions (ICE). Ideas, Connections, Extensions (ICE)
Sue Fostaty Young
Words that describe learning as students generate ideas, make connections and extend their thinking. 
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Quicksheets: Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy Quicksheets: Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy
Andrew Churches
Brief summaries on the six educational goals in Bloom's Taxonomy: remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating and creating. 
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